By using google-dataset annotation, you can define the metadata that will be converted to valid and well-formed JSON-LD referencing a table. In terms of SEO, JSON-LD is implemented leveraging the Schema.org vocabulary, which is a unified structured data vocabulary for the web. Google Dataset Search discovers datasets when a valid JSON-LD of type Dataset is added to the HTML page.

The is how this annotation looks like:

{
"detailed": {
"dataset": {
// the JSON-LD defnition goes here
},
"template_engine": "handlebars"
}
}
}

Expected Fields¶

Given that we expect a valid JSON-LD of Dataset, the following properties must be defined on top level:

• @context: It is a schema for your data, not only defining the property datatypes but also the classes of json resources. Default applied if none exists is http://schema.org.
• @type: Used to set the data type of a node or typed value. At the top level, only a value of Dataset is supported. Default applied if none exists is Dataset.

To make sure the given JSON-LD is valid and honors the Schema.org specifications, ERMrestJS uses this file which is a subset of Schema.org vocabulary. Based on this file name and description are the other top-level required properties. Therefore the following is the bare minimum acceptable JSON-LD defnition:

{
"@type": "Dataset",
"context": "https://schema.org",
"name": "some name",
"description": "Some description that must be at least 50 characters."
}

Guidelines¶

In this section, we will summarize some of the best practices or common ways of writing this annotation.

to make this document shorter and easier to read, we will only write the JSON-LD without the annotation tag and other properties. Also, all the templates are written based on handlebars template engine.
1. All the properties support pattern expansion. Apart from the main table data and all-outbound foreign keys, the pattern has access to a $self object that has the following properties: • rowName: Row-name of the represented row. • uri.detailed: a uri to the row in detailed context. { "@type": "Dataset", "context": "https://schema.org", "name": "Table: {{{$self.rowName}}}",
"description": "{{{Description}}}",
"url": "{{{\$self.uri.detailed}}}"
}

2. If you want to make sure this annotation is only added for certain rows, you can write conditional logic for the name or description properties (given that these two are required). In the following example, we are making sure that the JSON-LD is only added for rows with Consortium=cons1:

{
"name": "{{#if (eq _Consortium \"cons1\" )}}{{{Title}}}{{/if}}",
...
}

3. You can use Google’s documentation to find the recommended list of properties. In the following we summarized some of the key information in this document:

• description must be between 50 and 5000 characters and may also include Markdown syntax.
• Embedded images in description need to use absolute path URLs (instead of relative paths).
• identifier can be used to denote a DOI or a Compact Identifier. If the dataset has more than one identifier, given that we’re using JSON (and it must be JSON parsable), you can define an array of identifiers.
4. Any non-required JSON-LD properties can be an array. For instance, if you want to encode multiple funder you can do the following:

{
"funder": [
{
"@type": "Organization",
"name": "funder1"
},
{
"@type": "Organization",
"name": "funder2"
}
],
...
}

5. If the value of a property is the string representation of a JSON object, ERMrestJS will turn it into an object. This would allow us to write patterns that produce an object.

5.1. For example assume that we have an array column called “authors” which has a value of ["John", "Jessica"], then we could do

{
"creator": "{{#if authors}} [ {{#each _authors}} { \"@type\":\"Person\", \"name\":{{{this}}} } {{#unless @last}}, {{/unless}}{{/each}} ] {{/if}}",
...
}

which would return

{
"creator": [
{
"@type": "Person",
"name": "John"
},
{
"@type": "Person",
"name": "Jessica"
}
]
}

5.2. Or let’s say we want to store the value of a property in a jsonb column called funder_jsonb_col, then we could simply use the formatted value of that column:

{
"funder": "{{{funder_jsonb_col}}}",
...
}

This only works because ERMrestJS returns the string representation of the raw value when you do {{{funder_jsonb_col}}}.

5.3. But in a case where this value is stored in a field of a jsonb column, you cannot just directly pass the value and you have to turn it into a string first. For this case assume that we have a DataCatalog jsonb column where it has funder and creator fields. The following is how you can use this column:

{
"funder": "{{#jsonStringify}}{{{_DataCatalog.funder}}}{{/jsonStringify}}",
"creator": "{{#jsonStringify}}{{{_DataCatalog.funder}}}{{/jsonStringify}}",
...
}

Notice that we had to use _DataCatalog to access the raw value, and also call jsonStringify to turn the funder raw object into a string.